Penance (Confession, Reconciliation)
Extreme Unction (Anointing of the Sick)
Fear of the Lord
Gift of speaking with wisdom
Gift of speaking with knowledge
Grace of healing
Gift of miracles
Gift of prophecy
Gift of discerning spirits
Gift of tongues (i.e., xenolalia, the ability to speak foreign languages unknown by natural reason)
To instruct the ignorant
To admonish the sinner
To comfort the sorrowful
To forgive all injuries
To bear wrongs patiently
To pray for the living and the dead
The 7 Capital Sins and their Contrary Virtues
Unrestrained appreciation of our own worth
Immoderate desire for earthly goods
Hankering for impure pleasures
Inordinate desire for revenge
Unrestrained use of food and drink
Sorrow over another's good fortune
Laxity in keeping the Faith and the practice of virtue
The Seven Sacraments
The Ten Commandments
The Lord's Prayer
By praise or flattery
By defense of the ill done
Wilful murder ie Abortion, Euthanasia
The sin of Sodom
Oppression of the poor
Defrauding labourers of their wages
Resisting the known truth
Envy of another’s spiritual good
Obstinacy in sin
To go to Confession at least once a year (traditionally done during Lent)
To receive the Eucharist at least once a year, during the Easter Season (known as the "Easter duty")
To observe the days of fasting and abstinence
To help to provide for the needs of the Church according to one's abilities and station in life
To obey the marriage laws of the Church
Jesus is Made to Bear His Cross
Jesus Falls the First Time
Jesus Meets His Mother
Simon Helps Jesus Carry His Cross
Veronica Wipes Jesus' Face
Jesus Falls the Second Time
Jesus Meets the Women of Jerusalem
Jesus Falls the Third Time
Jesus is Stripped
Jesus is Nailed to the Cross
Jesus Dies on the Cross
Jesus is Taken Down from the Cross
Jesus is Laid in the Tomb
Joseph (Menasseh and Ephraim)
Blessed are the meek: for they shall posses the land.
Blessed are they who mourn: for they shall be comforted
Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice: for they shall have their fill
Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy
Blessed are the clean of heart: for they shall see God
Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called children of God
Blessed are they that suffer persecution for justice' sake, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven
SS Peter & Paul
The Church Suffering (Christians in Purgatory)
The Church Triumphant (Christians in Heaven)
In the Nicene Creed we say that the Church is "One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic."
Munus docendi (duty to teach, based on Christ's role as Prophet)
Munus sanctificandi (duty to sanctify, based on Chris's role as Priest)
Munus regendi (duty to shepherd, based on Christ's role as King)
The 12 Apostles
Formerly "Simon," renamed "Kepha" or "Cephas" by Our Lord; preached in Antioch, Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Asia Minor, Rome; headed Roman Church (was first Pope); crucified upside-down in Rome, Italy; relics at St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City. Symbols: the Keys; upside-down Latin Cross; book. Feast: June 29 (along with St. Paul); August 1 (St. Peter's Chains).
Peter's brother; preached in Scythia; Epirus; Achaia; Hellas; Cappadocia, Galatia, and Bithynia, Scythian deserts, Byzantium;Thrace, Macedonia, Thessaly, and Achaia; crucified in Patrae in Achaia; relics at Cathedral of Amalfi, Italy, and in St. Andrew's Church in Patras, Greece. Symbols: X-shaped Cross; anchor; fish; fishing net. Feast: November 30.
James the Greater
He and his brother (John) nicknamed by Jesus "Sons of Thunder" (Boanerges); a son of Zebedee; preached in Spain; beheaded by Herod Agrippa I to please the Jews; relics at Compostela, Spain. Symbols: seashells; pilgrim's staff; scroll; book; floppy hat; trampling a Moor; mounted on horseback. Feast: July 25.
He and his brother (James the Greater) nicknamed by Jesus "Sons of Thunder" (Boanerges); a son of Zebedee; the disciple whom Jesus loved; Evangelist; preached in Asia Minor (Ephesus). Symbols: chalice; eagle; serpent; sword; cauldron. Feast December 27.
Preached in Hieropolis in Asia (?); relics at church of the Dodici Apostoli in Rome, Italy. Symbols: basket of loaves; T-shaped Cross. Feast: May 11 (with St. James the Less)
Preached in India, Mesopotamia, Persia, Egypt, Armenia, Lycaonia, Phrygia, shores of the Black Sea (?); beheaded or flayed alive and crucified, head downward in Albanopolis in Armenia; relics at St. Bartholomew-in-the-Island in Rome, Italy (?). Symbols: tanner's knife; flayed skin. Feast: August 24.
"Levi"; Evangelist; preached in Ethiopia to the south of the Caspian Sea (not Ethiopia in Africa), Persia and the kingdom of the Parthians, Macedonia, and Syria, and to the Hebrews generally (?). Symbols: angel/man/winged man holding a pen or inkwell; bag of coins, money bag, money box, or purse; spear; sword; halberd; lance. Feast: September 21.
"Didymus," meaning "Twin"; familiarly (not Scripturally) known as "Doubting Thomas"; preached in India; pierced through with spears by four soldiers at Syriac Mazdai; relics in Santhome Cathedral, Chennai, India. Symbols: T-square; spear. Feast December 21.
James the Less
"James the Just" or "James the Younger"; son of Alphaeus (Clophas) and "brother of the Lord"; Bishop of Jerusalem Church; epistle writer; killed by Jews by being thrown off the Temple and clubbed to death. Symbols: fuller's club; book; windmill. Feast: May 11 (with St. Philip)
"Thaddaeus"; "brother of James (the Less)"; epistle writer. Symbols: shown with medallion with profile of Jesus around his neck; shown with flame above his head; oar; boat; axe; book; pen. Feast: October 28 (with St. Simon).
"Simon the Zealot" or "Simon the Canaanite." Symbols: fish(es); man being sawn in two longitudinally; saw; lance. Feast: October 28 (with St. Jude).
Replaced after his suicide by Matthias (St. Matthias's Feast: February 24).
Phil and Bart and Matt and Tom,
James the Less and Jude and Simon --
Then Judas who betrayed the God-man.
A dividing of light from darkness brings forth Heaven and a formless, water-covered Earth, then Light
A dividing of the waters above from the waters below to create the Firmament of Heaven
A dividing of the waters under the heavens to form dry land; then grass, herbs, and fruit trees
Sun, Moon and Stars
Creatures of the waters and of the air
St. Blaise, Bishop and Martyr, February 3
St. Pantaleon, Martyr, July 27
St. Vitus, Martyr, June 15
St. Erasmus (Elmo), Bishop and Martyr, June 2
St. Christopher, Martyr, July 25
St. Giles, Abbot, September 1
St. Cyriacus (Cyriac), Martyr, August 8
St. Achatius, Martyr, May 8
St. Dionysius (Denis), Bishop and Martyr, October 9
St. Eustachius (Eustace), Martyr, September 20
St. Catherine of Alexandria, Virgin and Martyr, November 25
St. Margaret of Antioch, Virgin and Martyr, July 20
St. Barbara, Virgin and Martyr, December 4
In ascending order:
The Choir of Angels is divided into three triads with specific concerns:
The 1st triad:
The 2nd triad:
Powers, Virtues and Dominations: known as the "angels of creation" because they concern themselves with the ordering of the universe and a plurality of causes.
The 3rd triad:
Thrones, Cherubim, and Seraphim: concern themselves with contemplating the glory of God. It is the 6-winged Seraphim who sing the Sanctus, "Holy, Holy, Holy Lord God of Hosts" (Isaias 6:3).
There are 7 Archangels (Tobias 12:15). We know the names of 3 of them from Scripture:
- Michael (Daniel, Epistle of St. Jude, Apocalypse of St. John), whose name means "Who is like God" and whose Feast is September 29;
- Gabriel (Daniel and Luke), whose name means "Strength of God" and whose Feast is March 24; and
- Raphael (Tobias), whose name means "Medicine of God" and whose Feast is October 24.
The reverence we give to Saints
The reverence we give to Mary as the greatest of Saints and Mother of God
The reverence and worship we give to God alone
Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.
Amen I say to thee: This day thou shalt be with me in paradise.
Woman, behold thy son. . . .Behold thy mother.
Eli, Eli, lamma sabacthani? (My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken me?)
(Matthew 27:46, ref. Psalm 21)
It is consummated.
Father, into Thy hands I commend my spirit.
(Luke 23:46, ref. Psalm 30:6)
The 20 Mysteries of the Holy Rosary & When They are Prayed
The 7 Sorrows (Dolours) and 7 Joys of Our Lady
The Prophecy of Simeon (Luke 2:33-35)
The Annunciation (Luke 1:27-38)
The Flight into Egypt (Matthew 3: 13-15)
The Visitation (Luke 1:39-58)
The Loss of Jesus in the Temple (Luke 2:41-52)
The Birth of Jesus (Luke 2:7)
The Meeting of Jesus and Mary on the Way of the Cross (John 19:17)
The Adoration of the Magi (Matthew 2:7-11)
The Crucifixion (John 19:25-30)
The Taking Down of the Body of Jesus from the Cross (John 19: 31-37)
The Resurrection of Our Lord (John 20:1-9)
The Assumption and Coronation of the Blessed Virgin (Apocalypse 12)
The doubt of Saint Joseph (Matthew 1:19)
The Message of the Angel (Matthew 1:20)
The poverty of Jesus' birth (Luke 2:7)
Jesus' Birth itself (Luke 2:7)
The Circumcision (Luke 2:21)
The Holy Name of Jesus (Matthew 1:25)
Simeon's prophecy that many would be lost (Luke 2:34)
Simeon's prophecy that many would rise (Luke 2:34)
The flight into Egypt (Matthew 2:13-14)
The Overthrow of Idols (Isaias 19:1)
The return from Egypt (Matthew 2:22)
Life with Mary and Jesus (Luke 2:39)
The loss of the Child Jesus (Luke 2:45)
The Finding of Jesus in the Temple (Luke 2:46)